Research

The Kozai partners have been conducting scholarly research in the areas of global leadership and expatriate management since the mid-1980s. Their research is among the most widely cited research in these fields, below is a selection of some of their research articles upon which their assessments and consulting is based:

Books

Scholarly Articles

Combined Years of Intercultural Research & Training

Research Studies

Research Studies Focused On The GCI
Research Studies Focused On The IES

Additional Research Articles

Stevens, M.J., Bird, A., Mendenhall, M.E., & Oddou, G. (2014). Measuring global leader intercultural competency: Development and validation of the Global Competencies Inventory (GCI). In J. Osland, M. Li, & Y. Wang (eds.). Advances in Global Leadership, Volume 8, Bingley, UK: Emerald, pp. 99-138.

Mendenhall, M.E., Osland, J., Bird, A., Oddou, G., Maznevski, M., Stevens, M.J., & Stahl, G.K. (2013) Global leadership: Research, practice, and development. (2nd edition). London: Routledge.

Mendenhall, M.E., & Bird, A. (2013). In search of global leadership. Organizational Dynamics, 42: 167-174.

Mendenhall, M.E., Arnardottir, A.A., Oddou, G.R., & Burke, L.A. (2013). Developing cross-cultural competencies in management education via cognitive-behavior therapy. Academy of Management Learning & Education, 12(3): 436 – 451.

Miska, C., Stahl, G.K., & Mendenhall, M.E. (2013). Intercultural competencies as antecedents of responsible global leadership. European Journal of International Management. 7(5): 550-569.

Mendenhall, M.E., Reiche, B.S., Bird, A., & Osland, J.S. (2012). Defining the ‘global’ in global leadership. Journal of World Business, 47(4): 493-503.

Osland, J.S, Bird, A., & Mendenhall, M.E. (2012) Global leadership and global mindset: An updated look. In G. Stahl & I. Bjorkman (eds.) International human resources handbook. 2nd edition. London: Elgar: 227-259.

Mendenhall, M. (2011) Three necessary questions for global leadership development in India. Vikalpa: The Journal for Decision Makers (Indian Institute of Management), (36)4, 17-23.

Bird, A., Mendenhall, M.E., Stevens, M.J., Oddou, G. (2010) Defining the content domain of intercultural competence for global leaders. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 25(8), 810-828.

Herman, J., Stevens, M.J., Bird, A., Mendenhall, M.E., & Oddou, G. (2010). The Tolerance for Ambiguity Scale: Towards a refined measure for international management research. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 34, 58-65.

Mendenhall, M.E., Oddou, G., Stevens, M.J., Bird, A., Osland, J.S., & Furuya, N. (2009). Developing global competencies in Japanese managers: Research, process, and recommendations. Journal of the International Academy of Strategic Management. 1(2): 57-67.

Furuya, N., Stevens, M., Bird, A., Oddou, G. & Mendenhall, M. (2009). Managing the learning and transfer of global management competence: Antecedents and outcomes of Japanese repatriation effectiveness. Journal of International Business Studies, 40, 200–215

Osland, J.., Taylor, S., & Mendenhall, M. (2009) Global leadership: Progress and challenges. In Bhagat, R.S., & Steers, R.M (eds.). Handbook of Culture, Organizations, and Work. Oxford: Cambridge University Press. Pp. 245-271.

Reade, C., Todd, A., Osland, A. & Osland, J. (2008) “Poverty and the Multiple Stakeholder Challenge for Global Leaders” Journal of Management Education: 820-840.

Osland, J. (2008) “Global leadership.” AIB Insights, 8(1): 10-11.

Osland, J. & Adler, N. (2007) Women and Global Leadership at Bestfoods. In J. Osland, D. Kolb, I. Rubin, & M. E. Turner. Organizational Behavior: An Experiential Approach. 8th Edition. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall: 700-723. Reprinted in P. Buller and R. Schuler (Eds.). Managing Organizations and People: Cases in Management, Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management, Cincinnati, OH: Southwestern: 1-22.

J. Osland & A. Bird. (2007) “Expert cognition in global leaders: What does it look like and how can it be developed?” In Higano, M. & Bird, A. (Eds.) Business Guide: Leadership. Tokyo: Nippon Hyoronsha. (in Japanese). Pp. 175-188.

Mendenhall, M.E. (2007) “Confronting the challenge of developing global leaders” In Higano, M., and Bird, A. (eds.) Business Guide: Leadership. Tokyo: Nippon Hyoronsha. (in Japanese) Tokyo, 2007: 189-206.

Mendenhall, M.E. (2006) The Elusive, Yet Critical Challenge of Developing Global Leaders. European Management Journal, 24(6): 422-429.

Bird, A. & Osland, J.S. (2006.) Global leaders as experts. Advances in Global Leadership, 4: 125-145.

Bird, A. & Osland, J.S. (2006). Making sense of intercultural collaboration. International Journal of Management and Organizations, 35 (4): 115-132.

Osland, J.S., Bird, A., Osland, A. & Mendenhall, M. (2006). Developing global leadership capabilities and global mindset: A review. In Stahl, G. & Bjorkman, I. (Eds.), Handbook of Research in International Human Resource Management. Pp. 197-222.

Bird, A. & Osland, J. (2004). Global competencies: An introduction. In Lane, H., Maznevksi, M., Mendenhall, M. E. & McNett, J. (Eds.), The Handbook of Global Management: A Guide to Managing Complexity. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing, pp. 57-80.

Osland, J. (2004) “Managing Global Change by Building Community.” In H. Lane, M. Mendenhall, M. Maznevski, & J. McNett (Eds.) Handbook of Global Management: A Guide to Managing Complexity. Oxford: Blackwell: 134-151.

Osland, J. (2004) “Managing Global Change by Building Community.” In H. Lane, M. Mendenhall, M. Maznevski, & J. McNett (Eds.) Handbook of Global Management: A Guide to Managing Complexity. Oxford: Blackwell: 134-151.

Bird, A. & Osland, J.S. (2004). Teaching cultural sensemaking. In Goodman, R., Phillips, M. & Boyacigiller, N. (Eds.) Crossing cultures: Lessons from master Teachers. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage. Pp. 186-207.

Osland, J. (2003). “Broadening the Debate: The Pros and Cons of Globalization,” Journal of Management Inquiry, 12(2): 137-154. (#1, The 50 Most-Frequently Read Articles, in 2007) 2009.

Osland, J., Adler, N., & Brody, L. (2002) “Developing Women as Global Leaders: Lessons and Sense Making from an Organizational Change Effort,” In R. Burke & D. Nelson (Eds.) Advancing Women’s Careers: Research and Practice. Oxford, UK: Blackwell: 15-36.

Mendenhall, M. (2001) New perspectives on expatriate adjustment and its relationship to global leadership development. In Mendenhall, M., Kuhlmann, T., & Stahl, G. (eds.) Developing Global Business Leaders: Policies, Processes, and Innovations. Westport, CT: Quorum Books.

Adler, N., Brody, L. & Osland, J. (2001) “Going Beyond Twentieth Century Leadership: A CEO Develops His Company’s Global Competitiveness,” Cross-Cultural Management: An International Journal, 8 (3/4): 11-32.

Osland, J. (2001) “The Quest for Transformation: The Process of Global Leadership Development.” In M. Mendenhall, T. Kuhlmann and G. Stahl (Eds.) Developing Global Business Leaders: Policies, Processes and Innovations. Westport, CN: Quorum Books: 137-156.

Adler, N. Brody, L. & Osland, J. (2001) “Advances in Global Leadership: The Women’s Global Leadership Forum.” In W. H. Mobley & M. W. McCall, Jr. (Eds.) Advances in Global Leadership, Volume 2. Greenwich, CN: JAI Press: 351-383.

Oddou, G., Derr, B. & Gregersen, H. (2001) Building global managers: Strategy similarities and differences among U.S., Japanese, and European MNCs in developing global business leaders. In Mendenhall, M., Kuhlmann, T., & Stahl, G. (eds.) Developing Global Business Leaders: Policies, Processes, and Innovations. Westport, CT: Quorum Books.

Oddou, G., Mendenhall, M., & Ritchie, J.B. (2000) Leveraging travel as a tool for global leadership development. Human Resource Management Journal, 39 (2 & 3), 159-172.

Osland, J. (2000) “The Journey Inward: Expatriate Hero Tales and Paradoxes.” Human Resource Management, vol. 39 (2&3): 227-238.

Mendenhall, M., Osland, J. & Stevens, M. (2015) Developing Global Leaders for Emerging Markets.  Journal of Strategic Management, 7,1: 3-10.